Department of Chemistry

Professor Stephen M Kelly

BSc (Sheffield), MSc (Hull), PhD (Hull)

Stephen Kelly

Professor of Organic and Materials Chemistry

Dean of the Faculty of Science and Engineering

Department of Chemistry

  • Profile
  • Research
  • Publications

Profile

Professor Kelly graduated from the University of Sheffield in 1976 with a degree in Chemistry and completed an MSc and PhD under the supervision of Professor GW Gray, FRS, CBE and Professor EP Raynes, FRS in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Hull.

Having been Head of the Department of Physical Sciences from 2007 to the end of 2010 he took up the role of Acting Dean in January 2011 and has been Dean of Faculty since May 2011. He is a founder, with Professor Mary O’Neill, and Technical Director of Polar OLED, a spin-out company from the University of Hull, which is developing OLED technology in partnership with the IP Group.

Professor Kelly is one of only three chemists to report the synthesis of over 3,000 liquid crystals described in over 160 peer-reviewed publications, 45 conference papers and book chapters, and RSC Monograph as well as over 75 patents.

An active member of the Nanotechnology and Materials research theme his research interests include: organic electroluminescence, organic photovoltaics, heterogeneous catalysis, mesoporous non-oxide ceramics and semiconductor nanocrystals.

Research

Research theme: Materials Chemistry
Research groups: Organophotonics, Inorganic Materials and Liquid Crystals and Photonics 

Research interests:

  • Organic electroluminescence
  • Organic photovoltaics
  • Heterogeneous catalysis
  • Mesoporous non-oxide ceramics
  • Semiconductor nanocrystals

Recent and representative publications

Recent and representative publications

Ordered Materials for Organic Electronics and Photonics, M. O’Neill and S. M. Kelly, Adv. Mater., 37, 1289, 2011.

Silicon Diimide Aerogel Exhibiting Macro- and Meso-Dual Porosity, V. Rocher, S. M. Kelly and A. L. Hector, J. Meso- and Micro-Materials., 156, 196-201, 2012.

Synthesis of Aqueous Colloidal Solutions of Silver Nanoparticles Using Aminocellulose as a Combined Reducing and Capping Reagent, F. Cheng, J. Betts, S. M. Kelly, J. Schaller and T. Heinze, Green Chemistry, 15, 989-998, 2013.

Whiter, Brighter and More Stable Cellulose Paper Coated with TiO2/SiO2 Core/Shell Nanoparticles on Paper Using a Layer-By-Layer Approach, F. Cheng, S. M. Sajadin, A. Kornherr and S. M. Kelly, ChemSusChem., in the press, 2013. DOI 10.1002/cssc.201300305.

Full publication list

The Influence of the Nematic Phase on the Phase Separation of Blended Organic Semiconductors for Photovoltaics, S. Myers, M. S. Al Kalifah, C. Lei, M. O’Neill, S. P. Kitney and S. M. Kelly, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, 116, 262-269, 2013.

Whiter, Brighter and More Stable Cellulose Paper Coated with TiO2/SiO2 Core/Shell Nanoparticles on Using a Layer-By-Layer Approach, F. Cheng, S. M. Sajadin, A. Kornherr and S. M. Kelly, ChemSusChem., DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201300305, 2013.

Antifungal Synergy of Theaflavin and Epicatechin Combinations against Candida Albicans, J. Betts, S. J. Haswell  and S. M. Kelly, Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, 23, 1-5, 2013.

Synthesis of Aqueous Colloidal Solutions of Silver Nanoparticles Using Aminocellulose as a Combined Reducing and Capping Reagent, F. Cheng, J. Betts, S. M. Kelly, J. Schaller and T. Heinze, Green Chemistry, 15, 989-998, 2013.

Empowering the Smart Grid: Can redox Batteries be Matched to Renewable Energy Systems for Energy Storage? J. E. Halls, A. Hawthornthwaite, R. Hepworth, N. A. Roberts, K. J. Wright, Y. Zhou, S. J. Haswell, S. K. Haywood, S. M. Kelly, N. S. Lawrence and J. D. Wadhawan, J. Energy Environ. Sci., 6, 1026-1041, 2013.

Development and Evaluation of a Raman Flow Cell for Monitoring Continuous Flow Reactions, S. J. Haswell, G. T. Chaplain, P. D. I. Fletcher, S. M. Kelly and A. Mansfield, Aust. J. Chem., 66, 208-212, 2013.

Liquid Crystals for Organic Field-Effect Transistors, M. O’Neill and S. M. Kelly, “Liquid Crystalline Semiconductors”, eds., R. Bushby, S. M. Kelly and M. O’Neill, Springer SBM, Chapter 9, 247-268, 2012.

Liquid Crystals for Organic Photovoltaics, M. O’Neill and S. M. Kelly, “Liquid Crystalline Semiconductors”, eds., R. Bushby, S. M. Kelly and M. O’Neill, Springer SBM, Chapter 8, 219-245, 2012.

Optical Properties of Liquid Crystals, M. O’Neill and S. M. Kelly, “Liquid Crystalline Semiconductors”, eds., R. Bushby, S. M. Kelly and M. O’Neill, Springer SBM, Chapter 6, 173-196, 2012.

Synergistic Antibacterial Effects of Thiaflavin in Combination with Ampicillin Against Hospital Isolates of Stenotrophomonas Maltophilia, J. Betts, S. M. Kelly and S. J. Haswell, J. Microbiol. Biotech & Food Sci., 2, 1068-1078, 2012.

Synthesis and Characterisation of Organic-modified Inorganic Nanorods, R. W. Bourne, S. M. Kelly and J. D. Wadhawan, J. Exp. Nanoscience, 7, 673-687, 2012.

Semiconducting Applications of Polymerisable Liquid Crystals, M. O’Neill and S. M. Kelly, “Liquid Crystals Beyond Displays: Chemistry, Physics, and Applications”, ed., Q. Li, John Wiley & Sons (2012, ISBN 978-1-118-07861-7), Chapter 3, p 303-340, 2012.

Synthesis and Characterization of Side Chain Copolymers of Acrylates Menthyl and 3,5-Isoxazoline, J. A. Passo, A. A. Merlo, J. Eccher, I. H. Bechtold and S. M. Kelly, Quimica Nova, 35, 1527-1533, 2012.

Scaling-up of Acetylation of Alcohols and Phenols with Excellent Yields over Continuous-flow, Tungstosilicic Acid-supported Monolith Reactors, P. He, S. J. Haswell, P. D. I. Fletcher, S. M. Kelly and A. Mansfield, J. Flow Chem., 2, 47-51, 2012.

Voltammetry Within Structured Liquid Nanosystems: Towards the Design of a Flexible Three-dimentional Framework for Artificial Photosystems, J. E. Halls, K. J. Wright, J. E. Pickersgill, J. Smith, R. W. Bourne, A. A. Althali, P. Alaei, T. Ramakrishnappa, S. M. Kelly and J. D. Wadhawan, Electrochimica Acta., 70, 215-227, 2012.

Electrochemistry of Organo-Metallic Lyotropic Chromonic Liquid Crystals, J. E. Halls, R. W. Bourne, K. J. Wright, L. I. Partington, M. G. Tamba, Y. Zhou, T. Ramakrishnappa, G. H. Mehl, S. M. Kelly and J. D. Wadhawan, Electrochem. Commun., 19, 50-54, 2012.

Silicon Diimide Aerogel Exhibiting Macro- and Meso-Dual Porosity, V. Rocher, S. M. Kelly and A. L. Hector, J. Meso- and Micro-Materials., 156, 196-201, 2012.

Minimum Inhibitory and Bacterial Concentrations of Theaflavin and Synergistic Combinations with Epicatechin and Quercertin Against Clinical Isolates of Stenotrophomonas Maltophilia, J. Betts, S. M. Kelly and S. J. Haswell, J. Microbiol Biotech.& Food Sci, 1, 1250-1258, 2012.

Antibacterial Effects of Theaflavin and its Synergy with Epicatechin Against Clinical Isolates of Acinetobacter Baumannii and Stenotrophomonas Maltophilia, J. Betts, S. M. Kelly and S. J. Haswell, Int. J. Antimicrobiol. Agents, 38, 421-425, 2011.

Scaling-up Continuous-Flow Microwave-Assisted Organic Reactions By Varying the Size of Pd-Functionalized Catalytic Monoliths, P. He, S. J. Haswell, P. D. I. Fletcher, S. M. Kelly and A. Mansfield Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry, 7, 1150, 2011.

Permeability of Silica Monoliths Containing Micro- and Nano-Pores, P. D. I. Fletcher, S. J. Haswell, P. He, S. M. Kelly and A. Mansfield, J. Porous Mater., 18, 501, 2011.

Ammonothermal Synthesis of Mesoporous Si-Hf-N and Si-Zr-N Composites from Single Source Precursors, F. Cheng, S. M. Kelly, N. A. Young, M. G. Francesconi, S. Clark and J. S. Bradley, Int. J. Appl. Cer. Chem. Techn., 8, 467, 2011.

Production of Deuterium Labelled (-)-Epicatechin in a Microreactor – a Route to Toxicological Studies, J. W. Betts, S. P. Kitney, Y. Fu, W.-M. Peng, S. M. Kelly and S. J. Haswell, Chem. Eng. J., 167, 545, 2011.

Synthesis of Liquid Crystals using Suzuki-Miyaura Coupling Reactions Using Mesoporous, Ligand-free Pd/Si3N4 Catalysts in Aqueous Media, S. P. Kitney, F. Cheng, S. Khan, C. N. Hope, W. McNab and S. M. Kelly, Liq. Cryst., 38, 1027, 2011.

Organic Semiconductors: Nematic Spiro[cyclopentyl-1,9’]fluorenes, M. Reddy Billa, K. Kassireddy, M. Haro, M. S. Al-Kalifah, S. M. Kelly, S. P. Kitney and M. O’Neill, Liq. Cryst., 38, 813, 2011.

Ordered Materials for Organic Electronics and Photonics, M. O’Neill and S. M. Kelly, Adv. Mater., 37, 1289, 2011.

Optical Properties of Light-Emitting Nematic Liquid Crystals: A Joint Experimental and Theoretical Study, A. Liedtke, M. O'Neill, S. M. Kelly, S. P. Kitney, B. van Averbeke, P. Boudard, D. Beljonne, and J. Cornil, J. Phys. Chem. B114, 11975-82, 2010. doi: 10.1021/jp104280w

One-Step Photoembossing for Submicrometer Surface Relief Structures in Liquid Crystal Semiconductors, A. Liedtke, C. H. Lei, M. O'Neill, P. E. Dyer, S. P. Kitney, and S. M. Kelly, ACS Nano4, 3248-53, 2010. doi: 10.1021/nn100012g

Carbazole nematic liquid crystals, W. X. Bao, M. R. Billa, K. Kassireddy, M. Haro, M. J. Kelly, S. P. Kitney, M. S. Kalifah, P. Wei, D. W. Dong, M. O'Neill, and S. M. Kelly, Liq. Cryst.37, 1289-303, 2010.

Electrochemical Determination of Diffusion Anisotropy in Molecularly-Structured Materials, L. A. Evans, M. J. Thornasson, S. M. Kelly, and J. Wadhawan, J. Phys. Chem. C, 113, 8901-10, 2009. doi: 10.1021/jp806322c

A new approach to photoalignment: photo-addition to a self-assembled monolayer, S. Droge, M. O'Neill, A. Lobbert, S. P. Kitney, S. M. Kelly, P. Wei, and D. W. Dong, J. Mater. Chem., 19, 274-9, 2009. doi: 10.1039/b812226a

Grazing Incidence X-ray Diffraction of a Photoaligned Nematic Semiconductor, S. Droge, M. S. Al Khalifah, M. O'Neill, H. E. Thomas, H. S. Simmonds, J. E. Macdonald, M. P. Aldred, P. Vlachos, S. P. Kitney, A. Lobbert, and S. M. Kelly, J. Phys. Chem. B, 113, 49-53, 2009. doi: 10.1021/jp803379a

Preparation, structural characterization, and thermal ammonolysis of two novel dimeric transition metal silylamide complexes, F. Cheng, C. N. Hope, S. J. Archibald, J. S. Bradley, S. Clark, M. G. Francesconi, S. M. Kelly, N. A. Young, and F. Lefebvre, Int. J. Appld. Ceramic Technol., 2009, in press. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-7402.2009.02452.x

Rod-shaped dopants for flexoelectric nematic mixtures, N. Aziz, S. M. Kelly, W. Duffy, and M. Goulding, Liq. Cryst.36, 503-20, 2009. doi: 10.1080/02678290903031643

Photopolymerization studies of a light-emitting liquid crystal with methacrylate reactive groups for electroluminescence - art. no. 70500E, K. L. Woon, A. Liedtke, M. O'Neill, M. P. Aldred, S. P. Kitney, P. Vlachos, A. Bruneau, and S. M. Kelly, in 'Liquid Crystal Xii', ed. I. C. Khoo, Bellingham, 2008.

Dynamics of the size distribution of CdTe quantum dot ensembles during growth in liquid and crystalline phases, M. O. M. Piepenbrock, T. Stirner, M. O'Neil, and S. M. Kelly, ChemPhysChem, 9, 1057-61, 2008. doi: 10.1002/cphc.200800025

White-light OLEDs using liquid crystal polymer networks, A. Liedtke, M. O'Neill, A. Wertmoller, S. P. Kitney, and S. M. Kelly, Chem. Mater., 20, 3579-86, 2008. doi: 10.1021/cm702925f

Calamitic liquid crystal blends for organic photovoltaics - art. no. 705214, C. H. Lei, M. S. Al Khalifah, M. O'Neill, M. P. Aldred, S. P. Kitney, P. Vlachos, and S. M. Kelly, in 'Organic Photovoltaics Ix', ed. Z. H. L. P. A. Kafafi, Bellingham, 2008.

Banana-shaped dopants for flexoelectric nematic mixtures, N. Aziz, S. Kelly, W. Duffy, and M. Goulding, Liq. Cryst., 35, 1279-92, 2008. doi: 10.1080/02678290802522114

Electroluminescent segmented liquid crystalline trimers, M. P. Aldred, R. Hudson, S. P. Kitney, P. Vlachos, A. Liedtke, K. L. Woon, M. O'Neill, and S. M. Kelly, Liq. Cryst.35, 413-27, 2008. doi: 10.1080/02678290801924931

Triplets in extended nematic liquid crystals and polarons in their blends, W. C. Tsoi, M. O'Neill, M. P. Aldred, P. Vlachos, and S. M. Kelly, J. Chem. Phys., 127, 114901, 2007. doi: 10.1063/1.2768346

Distributed bilayer photovoltaics based on nematic liquid crystal polymer networks, W. C. Tsoi, M. O'Neill, M. P. Aldred, S. P. Kitney, P. Vlachos, and S. M. Kelly, Chem. Mater., 19, 5475-84, 2007. doi: 10.1021/cm071727q

Polycatenar oligophenylene liquid crystals, N. H. Sultana, S. M. Kelly, B. Mansoor, and M. O'Neill, Liq. Cryst., 34, 1307-16, 2007. doi: 10.1080/02678290701682357

Growth dynamics of CdTe nanoparticles in liquid and crystalline phases, M. O. M. Piepenbrock, T. Stirner, M. O'Neill, and S. M. Kelly, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 129, 7674-9, 2007. doi: 10.1021/ja070032n

Terminal end-group efficiency for the nematic phase using model bicyclo[2.2.2]octanes, A. Lobbert, S. P. Kitney, S. M. Kelly, M. O'Neill, and T. Stirner, Liq. Cryst.34, 1357-67, 2007. doi:

Heterocyclic polycatenar liquid crystals, C. F. He, G. J. Richards, S. M. Kelly, A. E. A. Contoret, and M. O'Neill, Liq. Cryst.34, 1249-67, 2007. doi: 10.1080/02678290701682373

Catalytic ammonolytic sol-gel preparation of a mesoporous silicon aluminium nitride from a single-source precursor, F. Cheng, S. M. Kelly, S. Clark, J. S. Bradley, and F. Lefebvre, J. Organomet. Chem., 692, 3816-22, 2007. doi: 10.1016/j.jorganchem.2007.05.028

Superlattices of organic/inorganic semiconductor nanostructures from liquid-crystal templates, M. A. Carrasco-Orozco, T. Stirner, M. O'Neill, C. Ellis, D. Dong, R. Kelly, M. O. Piepenbrock, and S. M. Kelly, Phys. Rev. B, 75, 035207, 2007. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.75.035207

Apolar 2-alkoxyalkoxy-substituted nematic liquid crystals, N. L. Campbell, S. M. Kelly, and R. P. Tuffin, Liq. Cryst., 34, 1443-53, 2007. doi:

Polar 2-alkoxyethoxy-substituted nematic liquid crystals, N. L. Campbell, S. M. Kelly, and R. P. Tuffin, Liq. Cryst.34, 1415-24, 2007. doi:

Material and device properties of highly birefringent nematic glasses and polymer networks for organic electroluminescence, K. L. Woon, A. E. A. Contoret, S. R. Farrar, A. Liedtke, M. O'Neill, P. Vlachos, M. P. Aldred, and S. M. Kelly, J. Soc. Inf. Disp.14, 557-63, 2006. doi:

Electronic charge transport in extended nematic liquid crystals, K. L. Woon, M. P. Aldred, P. Vlachos, G. H. Mehl, T. Stirner, S. M. Kelly, and M. O'Neill, Chem. Mater., 18, 2311-7, 2006. doi: 10.1021/cm0601335

Synthesis and mesomorphic behaviour of wedge-shaped nematic liquid crystals with flexoelectric properties, J. H. Wild, K. Bartle, M. O'Neill, S. M. Kelly, and R. P. Tuffin, Liq. Cryst., 33, 635-44, 2006. doi: 10.1080/02678290600665131

A low-temperature synthesis for organically soluble HgTe nanocrystals exhibiting near-infrared photoluminescence and quantum confinement, M. O. M. Piepenbrock, T. Stirner, S. M. Kelly, and M. O'Neill, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 128, 7087-90, 2006. doi: 10.1021/ja060721j

Preparation of mesoporous Pd/Si3N4 nanocomposites as heterogeneous catalysts via three different chemical routes, F. Cheng, S. M. Kelly, N. A. Young, C. N. Hope, K. Beverley, M. G. Francesconi, S. Clark, J. S. Bradley, and F. Lefebvre, Chem. Mater., 18, 5996-6005, 2006. doi: 10.1021/cm061106h

Mesoporous Si-B-N ceramics from a single source precursor via an imide gel, F. Cheng, S. M. Kelly, F. Lefebvre, B. Toury, and J. S. Bradley, J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn., 114, 545-8, 2006. doi:

Preparation and characterization of a supported Si3N4 membrane via a non-aqueous sol-gel process, F. Cheng, S. M. Kelly, S. Clark, J. S. Bradley, M. Baurnbachb, and A. Schutze, Journal of Membrane Science, 280, 530-5, 2006. doi: 10.1016/j.memsci.2006.02.006

New photovoltaic concept: Liquid-crystal solar cells using a nematic gel template, M. Carrasco-Orozco, W. C. Tsoi, M. O'Neill, M. P. Aldred, P. Vlachos, and S. M. Kelly, Adv. Mater., 18, 1754-+, 2006. doi: 10.1002/adma.200502008

Organic electroluminescence using polymer networks from smectic liquid crystals, M. P. Aldred, M. Carrasco-Orozco, A. E. A. Contoret, D. W. Dong, S. R. Farrar, S. M. Kelly, S. P. Kitney, D. Mathieson, M. O'Neill, W. C. Tsoi, and P. Vlachos, Liq. Cryst., 33, 459-67, 2006. doi: 10.1080/02678290500487073

Highly birefringent nematic and chiral nematic liquid crystals, K. L. Woon, M. O'Neill, P. Vlachos, M. P. Aldred, and S. M. Kelly, Liq. Cryst.32, 1191-4, 2005. doi: 10.1080/02678290500286863

Stokes parameter studies of spontaneous emission from chiral nematic liquid crystals as a one-dimensional photonic stopband crystal: Experiment and theory, K. L. Woon, M. O'Neill, G. J. Richards, M. P. Aldred, and S. M. Kelly, Phys. Rev. E, 71, 041706, 2005. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevE.71.041706

Synthesis and investigation of nematic liquid crystals with flexoelectric properties, J. H. Wild, K. Bartle, N. T. Kirkman, S. M. Kelly, M. O'Neill, T. Stirner, and R. P. Tuffin, Chem. Mater., 17, 6354-60, 2005. doi: 10.1021/cm051682y

Charge-transport in crystalline organic semiconductors with liquid crystalline order, P. Vlachos, B. Mansoor, M. P. Aldred, M. O'Neill, and S. M. Kelly, Chem. Commun., 2921-3, 2005. doi: 10.1039/b501875g

General method of preparation of mesoporous M/Si3N4 nano-composites via a non-aqueous sol-gel route, F. Cheng, S. M. Kelly, N. A. Young, S. Clark, M. G. Francesconi, F. Lefebvre, and J. S. Bradley, Chem. Commun., 5662-4, 2005 doi: 10.1039/b511790a

Preparation of a microporous silicon oximide gel from the reaction of tris(dimethylamino)silylamine with formamide and its pyrolytic conversion into a silicon oxynitride based glass, F. Cheng, S. M. Kelly, F. Lefebvre, A. F. Lee, K. Wilson, S. Clark, and J. S. Bradley, J. Mater. Chem., 15, 3039-44, 2005. doi: 10.1039/b504835d

Preparation of a mesoporous silicon aluminium nitride via a non-aqueous sol-gel route, F. Cheng, S. M. Kelly, F. Lefebvre, S. Clark, R. Supplit, and J. S. Bradley, J. Mater. Chem.15, 772-7, 2005. doi: 10.1039/b414627a

Ammonothermal synthesis of a mesoporous Si-Ti-N composite material from a single-source precursor, F. Cheng, S. M. Kelly, S. Clark, N. A. Young, S. J. Archibald, J. S. Bradley, and F. Lefebvre, Chem. Mater., 17, 5594-602, 2005. doi: 10.1021/cm051401m

Synthesis and structure of tetrakis(isopropylimino)bis-[tris(dimethylamino)silylamino]alane, F. Cheng, S. Clark, S. J. Archibald, S. M. Kelly, and J. S. Bradley, J. Organomet. Chem.690, 1205-8, 2005. doi: 10.1016/j.jorganchem.2004.11.025

Photoinduced changes of surface order in coumarin side-chain polymer films used for liquid crystal photoalignment, G. Bergmann, P. O. Jackson, J. H. C. Hogg, T. Stirner, M. O'Neill, W. L. Duffy, S. M. Kelly, and G. F. Clark, Appl. Phys. Lett.87, 061914, 2005. doi: 10.1063/1.2009070

Heterocyclic reactive mesogens: synthesis, characterisation and mesomorphic behaviour, M. P. Aldred, P. Vlachos, D. W. Dong, S. P. Kitney, W. C. Tsoi, M. O'Neill, and S. M. Kelly, Liq. Cryst.32, 951-65, 2005. doi: 10.1080/02678290500248400

Linearly polarised organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs): synthesis and characterisation of a novel hole-transporting photoalignment copolymer, M. P. Aldred, P. Vlachos, A. E. A. Contoret, S. R. Farrar, W. Chung-Tsoi, B. Mansoor, K. L. Woon, R. Hudson, S. M. Kelly, and M. O'Neill, J. Mater. Chem.15, 3208-13, 2005. doi: 10.1039/b506063j

Synthesis and mesomorphic behaviour of novel light-emitting liquid crystals, M. P. Aldred, A. J. Eastwood, S. P. Kitney, G. J. Richards, P. Vlachos, S. M. Kelly, and M. O'Neill, Liq. Cryst.32, 1251-64, 2005. doi: 10.1080/02678290500371095

A full-color electroluminescent device and patterned photoalignment using light-emitting liquid crystals, M. P. Aldred, A. E. A. Contoret, S. R. Farrar, S. M. Kelly, D. Mathieson, M. O'Neill, W. C. Tsoi, and P. Vlachos, Adv. Mater.17, 1368-+, 2005. doi: 10.1002/adma.200500258

Performance of UV-stable STN mixtures for PL-LCDs, H. Xu, A. B. Davey, T. D. Wilkinson, W. A. Crossland, J. Chapman, W. L. Duffy, and S. M. Kelly, Mol. Cryst. Liquid Cryst.411, 1121-33, 2004. doi: 10.1080/15421400490434810

Pyrolytic conversion of silicon boron imide gels into mesoporous Si-B-N composite materials, F. Cheng, F. Lefebvre, B. Toury, S. M. Kelly, and J. S. Bradley, in 'Euro Ceramics Viii, Pts 1-3', ed. H. O. L. Mandal, Zurich-Uetikon, 2004.

Preparation of mesoporous silicon nitride via a nonaqueous sol-gel route, F. Cheng, S. Clark, S. M. Kelly, J. S. Bradley, and F. Lefebvre, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 87, 1413-7, 2004. doi:

Near-UV transparent nematics, J. Chapman, C. Ellis, W. L. Duffy, M. R. Friedman, S. M. Kelly, G. I. Thomas, H. Xu, A. B. Davey, and W. A. Crossland, Mol. Cryst. Liquid Cryst.411, 1091-8, 2004. doi: 10.1080/15421400490434784

Light-emitting fluorene photoreactive liquid crystals for organic electroluminescence, M. P. Aldred, A. J. Eastwood, S. M. Kelly, P. Vlachos, A. E. A. Contoret, S. R. Farrar, B. Mansoor, M. O'Neill, and W. C. Tsoi, Chem. Mater.16, 4928-36, 2004. doi: 10.1021/cm0351893

Highly circularly polarized photoluminescence over a broad spectral range from a calamitic, hole-transporting, chiral nematic glass and from an indirectly excited dye, K. L. Woon, M. O'Neill, G. J. Richards, M. P. Aldred, S. M. Kelly, and A. M. Fox, Adv. Mater.15, 1555-+, 2003. doi: 10.1002/adma.200304960

Nematic tolanes and acetylenes, G. W. Skelton, D. W. Dong, R. P. Tuffin, and S. M. Kelly, J. Mater. Chem.13, 450-7, 2003. doi: 10.1039/b209045g

Liquid crystals for charge transport, luminescence, and photonics, M. O'Neill and S. M. Kelly, Adv. Mater., 15, 1135-46, 2003. doi: 10.1002/adma.200300009

Photoluminescence study of crosslinked reactive mesogens for organic light emitting devices, A. E. A. Contoret, S. R. Farrar, S. M. Khan, M. O'Neill, G. J. Richards, M. P. Aldred, and S. M. Kelly, J. Appl. Phys.93, 1465-7, 2003. doi: 10.1063/1.1533830

Preparation of mesoporous silicon boron imide gels from single-source precursors via a nonaqueous sol-gel route, F. Cheng, S. J. Archibald, S. Clark, B. Toury, S. M. Kelly, J. S. Bradley, and F. Lefebvre, Chem. Mater.15, 4651-7, 2003. doi:

Electron-transporting and photopolymerisable liquid crystals, P. Vlachos, S. M. Kelly, B. Mansoor, and M. O'Neill, Chem. Commun., 874-5, 2002. doi: 10.1039/b200526c

Grazing incidence X-ray reflectivity of coumarin side-chain polymers used for liquid crystal photoalignment layers, P. O. Jackson, G. Bergmann, J. H. C. Hogg, M. O'Neill, P. Hindmarsh, S. M. Kelly, and G. F. Clark, Synth. Met.127, 95-8, 2002. doi:

Nondispersive hole transport of liquid crystalline glasses and a cross-linked network for organic electroluminescence, S. R. Farrar, A. E. A. Contoret, M. O'Neill, J. E. Nicholls, G. J. Richards, and S. M. Kelly, Phys. Rev. B66, 125107, 2002. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.66.125107

Pulsed laser deposition of small molecules for organic electroluminescence, S. R. Farrar, A. E. A. Contoret, M. O'Neill, J. E. Nicholls, A. J. Eastwood, G. J. Richards, P. Vlachos, and S. M. Kelly, Appl. Surf. Sci., 186, 435-40, 2002. doi:

The photopolymerization and cross-linking of electroluminescent liquid crystals containing methacrylate and diene photopolymerizable end groups for multilayer organic light-emitting diodes, A. E. A. Contoret, S. R. Farrar, M. O'Neill, J. E. Nicholls, G. J. Richards, S. M. Kelly, and A. W. Hall, Chem. Mater., 14, 1477-87, 2002. doi: 10.1021/cm011111f

Nematic 2,5-disubstituted thiophenes, N. L. Campbell, W. L. Duffy, G. I. Thomas, J. H. Wild, S. M. Kelly, K. Bartle, M. O'Neill, V. Minter, and R. P. Tuffin, J. Mater. Chem., 12, 2706-21, 2002. doi: 10.1039/b202073b

CdTe nanocrystals: Synthesis, optical characterization, and pseudopotential calculation of the band gap, T. Stirner, N. T. Kirkman, L. May, C. Ellis, J. E. Nicholls, S. M. Kelly, M. O'Neill, and J. H. C. Hogg, J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol.1, 451-5, 2001. doi: 10.1166/jnn.2001.053

Aromatic liquid crystals with a trifluoromethyl group in the terminal chain for use in nematic LC mixtures, G. W. Skelton, J. C. Jones, S. M. Kelly, V. Minter, and R. P. Tuffin, Liq. Cryst.28, 749-59, 2001. doi:

Terminal trifluoromethyl-alkoxy and -alkenyloxy nematic liquid crystals for LCDs with active matrix addressing, G. W. Skelton, P. Brett, J. C. Jones, S. M. Kelly, V. Minter, and R. P. Tuffin, Liq. Cryst.28, 417-35, 2001. doi:

The investigation of an equilibrium dependent reaction for the formation of enamines in a microchemical system, M. Sands, S. J. Haswell, S. M. Kelly, V. Skelton, D. O. Morgan, P. Styring, and B. Warrington, Lab Chip, 1, 64-5, 2001. doi: 10.1039/b104036g

Nematic liquid crystals with a trifluoromethyl group, S. M. Kelly, G. Skelton, C. Jones, V. Minter, and R. Tuffin, Mol. Cryst. Liquid Cryst.364, 873-80, 2001. doi:

An investigation of the role of cross-linking and photodegradation of side-chain coumarin polymers in the photoalignment of liquid crystals, P. O. Jackson, M. O'Neill, W. L. Duffy, P. Hindmarsh, S. M. Kelly, and G. J. Owen, Chem. Mater.13, 694-703, 2001. doi: 10.1021/cm0011413

Characterisation of pulsed-laser-deposited organic electroluminescent compounds for organic light-emitting diodes, S. R. Farrar, A. E. A. Contoret, M. O'Neill, J. E. Nicholls, A. J. Eastwood, and S. M. Kelly, Synth. Met.121, 1657-8, 2001. doi:

Synthesis and luminous properties of electroluminescent liquid crystals, A. J. Eastwood, A. E. A. Contoret, S. R. Farrar, S. Fowler, S. M. Kelly, S. M. Khan, J. E. Nicholls, and M. O'Neill, Synth. Met.121, 1659-60, 2001. doi:

Photopolymerisable nematic liquid crystals for electroluminescent devices, A. E. A. Contoret, S. R. Farrar, S. M. Kelly, J. E. Nicholls, M. O'Neill, and G. J. Richards, Synth. Met.121, 1629-30, 2001. doi:

Crosslinked reactive mesogens and photo-chemical alignment for organic polarised EL, A. E. A. Contoret, S. R. Farrar, P. O. Jackson, M. O'Neill, J. E. Nicholls, S. M. Kelly, and G. J. Richards, Synth. Met., 121, 1645-6, 2001. doi:

Electroluminescent nematic polymer networks with polarised emission, A. Contoret, S. Farrar, P. Jackson, S. M. Kelly, S. Khan, E. Nicholls, M. O'Neill, and G. Richards, Mol. Cryst. Liquid Cryst.364, 511-8, 2001. doi:

Electroluminescent liquid crystals, A. Contoret, A. Eastwood, S. Farrar, S. M. Kelly, E. Nicholls, M. O'Neill, G. Richards, and C. Wu, Mol. Cryst. Liquid Cryst.368, 4039-46, 2001. doi:

The synthesis and characterisation of nematic NLO polymer networks, G. Bergmann, C. Ellis, P. Hindmarsh, S. M. Kelly, and M. O'Neill, Mol. Cryst. Liquid Cryst.368, 4439-46, 2001. doi:

Nematic thiophenes for STN-LCDS and flexoelectric LCDS, K. Bartle, N. Campbell, W. L. Duffy, S. M. Kelly, V. Minter, M. O'Neill, and R. P. Tuffin, Mol. Cryst. Liquid Cryst.364, 881-8, 2001. doi:

Achiral liquid crystals with an anticlinic smectic C structure, D. D. Parghi, S. M. Kelly, and J. W. Goodby, Ferroelectrics243, 261-8, 2000. doi:

Photoinduced surface alignment for liquid crystal displays, M. O'Neill and S. M. Kelly, J. Phys. D33, R67-R84, 2000. doi:

Pulsed-laser deposition for organic electroluminescent device applications, S. R. Farrar, A. E. A. Contoret, M. O'Neill, J. E. Nicholls, A. J. Eastwood, and S. M. Kelly, Appl. Phys. Lett., 76, 2553-5, 2000. doi:

Polarized electroluminescence from an anisotropic nematic network on a non-contact photoalignment layer, A. E. A. Contoret, S. R. Farrar, P. O. Jackson, S. M. Khan, L. May, M. O'Neill, J. E. Nicholls, S. M. Kelly, and G. J. Richards, Adv. Mater.12, 971-+, 2000. doi:

Synthesis, mesomorphic properties and physical measurements of a series of fluorinated antiferroelectric liquid crystals, D. D. Parghi, S. M. Kelly, and J. W. Goodby, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. Sci. Technol. Sect. A-Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst., 332, 2823-30, 1999. doi:

Dielectric investigations of a racemic AFLC host (+/-)-12F1M7, D. Kilian, D. D. Parghi, S. M. Kelly, W. Haase, and J. W. Goodby, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. Sci. Technol. Sect. A-Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.328, 419-28, 1999. doi:

Alignment models for coumarin-containing polymers for liquid crystal displays, P. O. Jackson, R. Karapinar, M. O'Neill, P. Hindmarsh, G. J. Owen, and S. M. Kelly, in 'Liquid Crystal Materials, Devices, and Applications Vii', ed. R. Shashidhar, Bellingham, 1999.

Mechanism-based inhibition of C5-cytosine DNA methyltransferases by 2-H pyrimidinone, P. J. Hurd, A. J. Whitmarsh, G. S. Baldwin, S. M. Kelly, J. P. Waltho, N. C. Price, B. A. Connolly, and D. P. Hornby, J. Mol. Biol., 286, 389-401, 1999. doi:

New coumarin polymers as non-contact alignment layers for liquid crystals, P. Hindmarsh, G. J. Owen, S. M. Kelly, P. O. Jackson, M. O'Neill, and R. Karapinar, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. Sci. Technol. Sect. A-Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst., 332, 2949-56, 1999. doi:

Liquid crystals for twisted nematic display devices, G. W. Gray and S. M. Kelly, J. Mater. Chem.9, 2037-50, 1999. doi:

Synthesis and evaluation of nematic 4-alkenyloxy- and 4-alkenoyloxy-4 '-cyanobiphenyls, W. L. Duffy, J. C. Jones, S. M. Kelly, V. Minter, and R. P. Tuffin, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. Sci. Technol. Sect. A-Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst., 332, 2611-8, 1999. doi:

Novel nematic compounds incorporating two conjugated carbon-carbon double bonds in the terminal chain, W. L. Duffy, J. C. Jones, S. M. Kelly, V. Minter, and R. Tuffin, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. Sci. Technol. Sect. A-Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.332, 2601-9, 1999. doi:

Synthesis and mesomorphism of 6-Z-n-alkyl-alpha-D-galactopyranoses, P. Bault, P. Gode, G. Goethals, J. W. Goodby, J. A. Haley, S. M. Kelly, G. H. Mehl, and P. Villa, Liq. Cryst.26, 985-97, 1999. doi:

Synthesis and mesomorphism of four series of 6-Z-n-alkyl-alpha-D-galactopyranoses, P. Bault, P. Gode, G. Goethals, J. Goodby, J. Haley, S. Kelly, G. Mehl, G. Ronco, and P. Villa, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. Sci. Technol. Sect. A-Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.332, 2901-8, 1999. doi:

Achiral liquid crystals with an antiferroelectric-like phase, D. D. Parghi, S. M. Kelly, and J. W. Goodby, Ferroelectrics212, 349-+, 1998. doi:

Novel optically active materials incorporating a 2,4-disubstituted oxazoline ring, A. G. M. Lamb, A. J. Eastwood, S. M. Kelly, and J. W. Goodby, Ferroelectrics212, 317-24, 1998. doi:

Anisotropic networks, elastomers and gels, S. M. Kelly, Liq. Cryst.24, 71-82, 1998. doi:

The dependence of mesomorphic behaviour on the extent of hydrogen-bonding in sugar derived polyols, J. W. Goodby, M. J. Watson, G. Mackenzie, S. M. Kelly, S. Bachir, P. Bault, P. Gode, G. Goethals, P. Martin, G. Ronco, and P. Villa, Liq. Cryst.25, 139-47, 1998. doi:

N-acyl-beta-D-glycopyranosylamines containing 1,4-disubstituted cyclohexyl and phenyl rings: mesomorphism and molecular structure relationships, D. F. Ewing, M. Glew, J. W. Goodby, J. A. Haley, S. M. Kelly, B. U. Komanschek, P. Letellier, G. Mackenzie, and G. H. Mehl, J. Mater. Chem.8, 871-80, 1998. doi:

Unsymmetrical alkoxy-substituted triphenylenes: the dependence of mesomorphism on molecular shape, S. J. Cross, J. W. Goodby, A. W. Hall, M. Hird, S. M. Kelly, K. J. Toyne, and C. Wu, Liq. Cryst.25, 1-11, 1998. doi:

An homologous series of 6-O-n-alkyl-alpha-D-galactopyranoses: synthesis and thermotropic mesomorphic properties, P. Bault, P. Gode, G. Goethals, J. W. Goodby, J. A. Haley, S. M. Kelly, G. H. Mehl, G. Ronco, and P. Villa, Liq. Cryst.24, 283-93, 1998. doi:

Liquid crystalline derivatives of galactose and galactitol: dependence of thermotropic mesomorphism on carbohydrate form, P. Bault, P. Gode, G. Goethals, J. W. Goodby, J. A. Haley, S. M. Kelly, G. H. Mehl, G. Ronco, and P. Villa, Liq. Cryst., 25, 31-45, 1998. doi:

The effect of hydrogen bonding, molecular shape, dipole moments, and chain length on the mesomorphism of some D-glucose and D-glucosamine derivatives, P. Letellier, D. F. Ewing, J. W. Goodby, J. Haley, S. M. Kelly, and G. MacKenzie, Liq. Cryst., 22, 609-20, 1997. doi:

Optically active dopants incorporating a 2,4-disubstituted oxazoline ring, A. G. M. Lamb, M. Hird, S. M. Kelly, and J. W. Goodby, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. Sci. Technol. Sect. A-Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.303, 279-84, 1997. doi:

Synthesis of O-alkyl D-xylitols with potential liquid-crystalline properties, B. Harmouch, P. Gode, G. Goethals, J. Goodby, J. Haley, S. Kelly, P. Letellier, G. Mackenzie, P. Martin, G. Ronco, M. Watson, and P. Villa, J. Carbohydr. Chem., 16, 479-97, 1997. doi:

Substitution effects on the liquid crystalline properties of D,L-xylitol amphiphiles, J. W. Goodby, J. A. Haley, M. J. Watson, G. Mackenzie, S. M. Kelly, P. Letellier, O. Douillet, P. Gode, G. Goethals, G. Ronco, and P. Villa, Liq. Cryst.22, 367-78, 1997. doi:

The effect of substituent position on the liquid crystalline properties of dodecyl-D-xylitols, J. W. Goodby, J. A. Haley, M. J. Watson, G. Mackenzie, S. M. Kelly, and P. Letellier, Liq. Cryst., 22, 497-508, 1997. doi:

N-acyl-beta-D-glycopyranosylamines and 2-alkylamido-2-deoxy-alpha/beta-D-glucopyranoses: relationship between molecular structure and mesomorphism, D. F. Ewing, J. W. Goodby, J. A. Haley, S. M. Kelly, P. Letellier, and G. Mackenzie, Liq. Cryst.23, 759-69, 1997. doi:

The effect of the position and configuration of carbon-carbon double bonds on the mesomorphism of thermotropic, non-amphiphilic liquid crystals, S. M. Kelly, Liq. Cryst.20, 493-515, 1996. doi:

Polar Nematic Trans-4-Substituted-Cyclohexyl (E)-Alk-2-Enoates - the Influence of Dipoles and Double-Bonds on the Transition-Temperatures and Other Physical-Properties, S. M. Kelly, M. Schadt, and H. Seiberle, Liq. Cryst., 18, 581-94, 1995. doi:

3-Ring Phenyl Biphenylpyrimidine Esters - Dependence of Liquid-Crystal Transition-Temperatures and Other Physical-Properties on the Position of the Nitrogen-Atoms and the Double-Bond Configuration, S. M. Kelly and J. Funfschilling, J. Mater. Chem.5, 1335-43, 1995. doi:

Alkyl/Alkenyloxy Phenyl/Biphenylpyrimidines - Dependence of the Liquid-Crystal Transition-Temperatures on the Position of the Nitrogen-Atoms and the Position and Configuration of Carbon-Carbon Double-Bonds, S. M. Kelly and J. Funfschilling, Liq. Cryst.19, 519-36, 1995. doi:

Anisotropic networks, S. M. Kelly, J. Mater. Chem., 5, 2047-61, 1995. doi:

The Synthesis and Liquid-Crystal Transition-Temperatures of Some Weakly Polar Nematic Methyl (E)-[Trans-4-Substituted-Cyclohexyl]-Allyl Ethers, S. M. Kelly, A. Germann, and M. Schadt, Liq. Cryst.16, 491-507, 1994. doi:

Polar Nematic Methyl (E)-[Trans-4-Cyclohexyl-Substituted]Allyl Ethers - Synthesis, Liquid-Crystal Transition-Temperatures and Some Physical-Properties, S. M. Kelly, A. Germann, R. Buchecker, and M. Schadt, Liq. Cryst., 16, 67-93, 1994. doi:

The Synthesis and Liquid-Crystal Transition-Temperatures of Some Weekly Polar Nematic Trans-4-Substituted-Cyclohexyl (E)-Alk-2-Enoates, S. M. Kelly, Liq. Cryst.17, 211-25, 1994. doi:

The DNA Recognition Subunit of a DNA Methyltransferase Is Predominantly a Molten Globule Is the Absence of DNA, D. P. Hornby, A. Whitmarsh, H. Pinarbasi, S. M. Kelly, N. C. Price, P. Shore, G. S. Baldwin, and J. Waltho, FEBS Lett., 355, 57-60, 1994. doi:

Ligand-Induced Conformational States of the Cytosine-Specific DNA Methyltransferase M.Hgai-2, G. S. Baldwin, S. M. Kelly, N. C. Price, G. W. Wilson, B. A. Connolly, P. J. Artymiuk, and D. P. Hornby, J. Mol. Biol., 235, 545-53, 1994. doi:

4-(5-Alkyl-2-Pyridinyl)Phenyl Alkanoates - Some Novel Smectic Materials for Display Devices, S. M. Kelly, J. Funfschilling, and A. Villiger, Liq. Cryst.14, 699-712, 1993. doi:

Smectic-C Phenylpyridines with an Alkenyloxy Chain, S. M. Kelly, J. Funfschilling, and A. Villiger, Liq. Cryst., 14, 1169-80, 1993. doi:

Liquid-Crystal Transition-Temperatures and Physical-Properties of Some New Alkenyl-Substituted Phenylpyrimidine and Phenylpyridine Esters, S. M. Kelly and J. Funfschilling, J. Mater. Chem.3, 953-63, 1993. doi:

2-[4-Alkenyloxy)Phenyl]-5-Alkylpyrimidines - the Relationship between Position and Nature (E/Z) of the Double-Bond and Transition-Temperatures, S. M. Kelly, Liq. Cryst.14, 675-98, 1993. doi:

The Influence of Double-Bonds in the Terminal Chain of 2-Ring Compounds on the Physical-Properties of S(C)Asterisk Mixtures, J. Funfschilling, S. M. Kelly, and A. Villiger, Liq. Cryst.14, 713-25, 1993. doi:

4-Unit Linking Groups .5. Optically-Active Dopants, S. M. Kelly, M. Schadt, and H. Seiberle, Liq. Cryst.11, 761-71, 1992. doi:

4 Unit Linking Groups .2. Some Novel Smectic-C Materials, S. M. Kelly, J. Funfschilling, and F. Leenhouts, Liq. Cryst.10, 243-60, 1991. doi:

4 Unit Linking Groups .4. Liquid-Crystals of Positive Dielectric Anisotropy, S. M. Kelly, Liq. Cryst.10, 273-87, 1991. doi:

4 Unit Linking Groups .3. Liquid-Crystals of Negative Dielectric Anisotropy, S. M. Kelly, Liq. Cryst.10, 261-72, 1991. doi:

The Synthesis and Liquid-Crystal Transition-Temperatures of a Broad Range of Mesogens Incorporating 4-Unit-Linking Groups-I, S. M. Kelly, Mol. Cryst. Liquid Cryst.202, 27-35, 1991. doi:

Novel Ferroelectric Smectic-C Liquid-Crystal Mixtures for Display Applications, F. Leenhouts, S. M. Kelly, and A. Villiger, Displays11, 41-5, 1990. doi:

Some New Alpha-Fluoro Esters Incorporating a Cyclohexane Ring as Chiral Dopants for Ferroelectric Mixtures, R. Buchecker, S. M. Kelly, and J. Fuenfschilling, Liq. Cryst.8, 217-27, 1990. doi:

Ferroelectric Smectic-C Liquid-Crystal Mixtures - Relationship between Molecular-Structure, Ferroelectricity and Electro-Optic Response, F. Leenhouts, J. Fuenfschilling, R. Buchecker, and S. M. Kelly, Liq. Cryst.5, 1179-86, 1989. doi:

Ferroelectric Liquid-Crystals .9. Laterally Substituted Phenyl Benzoates Incorporating a Trans-1,4-Disubstituted Cyclohexane Ring, S. M. Kelly, Helv. Chim. Acta72, 594-607, 1989. doi:

Smectic Liquid-Crystals .8. Some New Laterally Substituted Smectic-C Compounds, S. M. Kelly, Liq. Cryst.5, 171-5, 1989. doi:

Ferroelectric Liquid-Crystals .6. Chiral 5-Alkyl-2-Phenylpyrimidines, S. M. Kelly and A. Villiger, Liq. Cryst., 3, 1173-82, 1988. doi:

Ferroelectric Liquid-Crystals .5. Chiral Alkenyloxyphenyl 4-Biphenyl-1-Carboxylates, S. M. Kelly, R. Buchecker, and M. Schadt, Liq. Cryst.3, 1125-8, 1988. doi:

Ferroelectric Liquid-Crystals .4. Chiral Alkenyloxyphenyl Benzoates, S. M. Kelly, R. Buchecker, and M. Schadt, Liq. Cryst.3, 1115-23, 1988. doi:

Ferroelectric Liquid-Crystals .1. The Synthesis and Liquid-Crystal Transition-Temperatures of Some New Smectic-C Materials, S. M. Kelly, R. Buchecker, H. J. Fromm, and M. Schadt, Ferroelectrics85, 773-80, 1988. doi:

Ferroelectric Liquid-Crystals .3. Achiral Phenyl Benzoates Incorporating a Trans-4-Pentylcyclohexyl Moiety, S. M. Kelly and R. Buchecker, Helv. Chim. Acta71, 461-6, 1988. doi:

Ferroelectric Liquid-Crystals .2. Chiral Phenyl Benzoates Incorporating a Trans-1,4-Disubstituted Cyclohexane Ring, S. M. Kelly and R. Buchecker, Helv. Chim. Acta71, 451-60, 1988. doi:

Some Novel Fluorophenyl Esters Containing the 1,4-Disubstituted Bicyclo (2.2.2) Octane Ring, N. Carr, G. W. Gray, and S. M. Kelly, Mol. Cryst. Liquid Cryst.1, 53-9, 1985. doi:

The Synthesis and Physical-Properties of Some 1-Normal-Alkyl-4-(4-Substituted Phenyl) Bicyclo (2.2.2)Octanes, N. Carr, G. W. Gray, and S. M. Kelly, Mol. Cryst. Liquid Cryst.129, 301-13, 1985. doi:

Some New Mesogenic Esters Incorporating the 1,4-Disubstituted Bicyclo(2.2.2)Octane Ring-System, N. Carr, G. W. Gray, and S. M. Kelly, Mol. Cryst. Liquid Cryst.130, 265-79, 1985. doi:

Mesomorphic Transition-Temperatures and Viscosities for Some Cyano-Biphenyls and Cyano-Para-Terphenyls with Branched Terminal Alkyl-Groups, G. W. Gray and S. M. Kelly, Mol. Cryst. Liquid Cryst.104, 335-45, 1984. doi:

Some Novel Cholesteric Esters Incorporating the 1,4-Disubstituted Bicyclo(2.2.2)Octane Ring, G. W. Gray and S. M. Kelly, Mol. Cryst. Liquid Cryst.95, 101-16, 1983. doi:

The Synthesis of 1,4-Disubstituted Bicyclo[2.2.2]Octanes Exhibiting Wide-Range, Enantiotropic Nematic Phases, G. W. Gray and S. M. Kelly, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 26-31, 1981. doi:

Phenyl-Lybicyclo(2.2.2)Octane and Biphenylylbicyclo[2.2.2]Octane Derivatives 2 Novel Classes of Nematic Liquid-Crystals, G. W. Gray and S. M. Kelly, Angew. Chem. Int. Edit. Engl.20, 393-4, 1981. doi:

Laterally Substituted 4-Normal-Alkylphenyl 4-Normal-Alkylbicyclo(2.2.2) Octane-1-Carboxylates, G. W. Gray and S. M. Kelly, Mol. Cryst. Liquid Cryst.75, 109-19, 1981. doi:

The Liquid-Crystal Properties of 4-Normal-Alkyl-Phenyl and 4-Normal-Alkoxy-Phenyl 4-Normal-Alkylbicyclo (2.2.2) Octane-1-Carboxylates, G. W. Gray and S. M. Kelly, Mol. Cryst. Liquid Cryst.75, 95-108, 1981. doi:

A Comparison of the Properties of Some Liquid-Crystal Materials Containing Benzene, Cyclohexane, and Bicyclo [2.2.2]Octane Rings, N. Carr, G. W. Gray, and S. M. Kelly, Mol. Cryst. Liquid Cryst.66, 587-601, 1981. doi:

Low-Melting Bicyclo[2.2.2]Octane Esters with Wide-Range Nematic Phases, G. W. Gray and S. M. Kelly, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 465-6, 1980. doi:

Bicyclo[2.2.2]Octane Esters Exhibiting Wide-Range Nematic Phases, G. W. Gray and S. M. Kelly, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 974-5, 1979. doi:

Back to top