Geography / Geology
School of Environmental Sciences

David Bond

David Bond

NERC Advanced Research Fellow

School of Environmental Sciences

  • Profile
  • Teaching
  • Research
  • Publications


I began my NERC Advanced Research Fellowship here in GEES in August 2013, following a year and a half working at the Norwegian Polar Institute in Tromso where I was a Marie Curie Intra-European Fellow. Broadly speaking, my research looks at the record of environmental change during Earth’s greatest mass extinction events. Whilst in Norway I worked on the causes and consequences of climate change associated with the Middle Permian (c. 260 million years ago) and end Permian (c. 250 Myr) catastrophes in Spitsbergen (then, as now, in the “Boreal Realm” of high northerly latitudes). I spent three fantastic summers (2011-2013, see my Youtube videos) in the field in Spitsbergen collecting data and samples for palaeontological, sedimentological and geochemical analysis (my main “tools”). My new, five year project, will expand the Boreal mass extinction theme as I look at the three largest ecological events between the Middle Permian and Jurassic in Spitsbergen (again!), Arctic Canada, and far-east Russia (Vladivostok / Magadan areas). Thus my fieldwork allows me to avoid the excess summer heat which seems to be a perennial feature of the East Riding. Before moving to Norway and then Hull, I spent 15 years down the M62 at Leeds, where I studied Environmental Geology (2000), and completed a PhD on Devonian mass extinctions (2004). I went on to teach Geological Sciences at Leeds and travelled the world many times as part of my post doc from 2006-2010. Now, I help deliver several modules on our BSc Geology with Physical Geography programme, and say to any budding geologists that the best thing about the job is getting paid to travel and research the geology of some of the world’s weirdest destinations. It’s also nice to share my research with anybody that cares to listen!


I enjoy teaching and include my ongoing geological research into my material wherever possible, with the aim of engaging students with the stuff I am most fascinated by: how past environmental changes have driven the greatest ecological catastrophes in Earth history. In the 2013/14 session I will be contributing to:

  • 16121 : Geological Materials
  • 16140 : Dangerous Planet
  • 16359 : Earth, Climate, Evolution

I am primarily a field geologist and so will be out an about on a number of our undergraduate geological field courses.


I have worked on 4 of the "Big 5" extinctions (all except the end Cretaceous, which is too big a field and far too young an event for me!). For the past few years I have extensively studied one event that doesn’t belong to the exclusive “Big 5” club: the Middle Permian mass extinction. From 2006 I examined the relationship between Middle Permian marine extinctions and contemporaneous large scale volcanism in southern China, thus establishing the first direct link between these two phenomena (see e.g. the Wignall et al., 2009 paper in Science on my “Publications” tab). The volcanism-extinction link is profound in many extinction scenarios, and it has become a focus of my research in recent years. But I want to know how volcanism in one region (South China in the case of the Middle Permian) can affect ecosystems on a global scale – and so I began my latest research interest: the record of mass extinctions in the Boreal Realm (high northerly latitudes). My new 5 year NERC project will involve a major study of climate / environmental change and its effects on high latitude ecosystems during the Permian-to-Jurassic. This will involve fieldwork in regions that were in the Boreal Realm at that time (and still are!), namely Spitsbergen, Arctic Canada (Ellesmere Island) and the Russian far east. We know so little about the fate of life in these areas, since most of our knowledge of extinctions comes from low latitude settings. One of my goals in the next few years is to establish whether there exists a latitudinal bias to extinction risk, i.e. does living in high latitudes make things more or less likely to suffer extinction due to environmental change? To that end, my research will not only be of interest to the mass extinction community, but I hope also to provide data that can influence the debate on modern environmental change. You can see what I've been doing from my “Publications” tab, which I will endeavour to keep updated.

I'm also a keen gold panner... as well as panning my wedding ring, I have developed this interest into research that links sedimentology to the study of placer gold, particularly in the Yukon. I am yet to make my fortune, although did stake a mine out there in 2009 (since lost in a bitter feud over 6 feet of pine forest...).



View my Google Scholar profile for full details of my publications.

Below is a full list of my papers, with hyperlinks to their DOIs. If you can’t access any of these through your institution / subscription, please email me at and I will send you a PDF.


  • Zaton, M., and Bond, D.P.G. Insight into tube-building behaviour and palaeoecology of some agglutinating worms from the Upper Devonian of Nevada, USA (submitted, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology)
  • Smolarek, J., Trela, W., Bond, D.P.G., and Marynowksi, L. Lower Wenlock black shales in the northern Holy Cross Mountains, Poland: sedimentary and geochemical controls on the Ireviken Event in a deep marine setting (in review, Geological Magazine).
  • Sun, Y.-D., Wignall, P.B., Joachimski, M.M., Bond, D.P.G., Grasby, S.E., Lai, X.-L., Wang, L.-N., and Zhang, Z.-T. Warming, euxinia and large carbon isotope perturbations during the Carnian Crisis in South China (in review, Earth and Planetary Science Letters).
  • Wignall, P.B., Bond, D.P.G., Sun, Y., Grasby, S.E., Beauchamp, B., Joachimski, M.M., and Blomeier, D.P.G. (2015). Ultra-Shallow Marine Anoxia in an Early Triassic Storm-Dominated Clastic Ramp (Spitsbergen) and the Suppression of Benthic Radiation (Geological Magazine).
  • Grasby, S.E., Beauchamp, B., Bond, D.P.G., and Wignall, P.B. (2015). Mercury deposition in association with three extinction events in NW Pangea (Geological Magazine).
  • Jerram, D.A., Widdowson, M., Wignall, P.B., Sun, Y.-D., Lai, X.-L., Bond, D.P.G., and Torsvik, T.H. (2015). Submarine palaeoenvironments during Emeishan flood basalt volcanism, SW China: implications for plume-lithosphere interaction during the Capitanian (‘end Guadalupian’) extinction event. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology.
  • Bond, D.P.G., Wignall, P.B., Joachimski, M.M., Sun, Y.-D., Savov, I., Grasby, S.E., Beauchamp, B., and Blomeier, D.P.G. (2015). An abrupt extinction in the Middle Permian (Capitanian) of the Boreal Realm (Spitsbergen) and its link to anoxia and acidification. Geological Society of America Bulletin (open access).
  • Grasby, S.E., Beauchamp, B., Bond, D.P.G., Wignall, P.B., Talavera, C., Galloway, J.M., Piepjohn, K., Reinhardt, L., and Blomeier, D.P.G. (2015). Progressive environmental deterioration in NW Pangea leading to the Latest Permian Extinction. Geological Society of America Bulletin.
  • Sun, Y.-D., Wignall, P.B., Joachimski, M.M., Bond, D.P.G., Grasby, S.E., Sun, S., Yan, C.-B., Wang, L.-N., Chen, Y.-L., and Lai, X.-L. (2015). High Amplitude Redox Changes in the late Early Triassic of South China and the Smithian/Spathian extinction. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 427, 62-78.



  • Bond, D.P.G., Zaton, M., Wignall, P.B., and Marynowski, L. (2013). Evidence for shallow-water ‘Upper Kellwasser’ anoxia in the Frasnian–Famennian reefs of Alberta, Canada. Lethaia, 46, 355-368.
  • Dustira, A.M., Wignall, P.B., Joachimski, M., Blomeier, D., Hartkopf-Froder, C., and Bond, D.P.G. (2013). Gradual onset of anoxia across the Permian–Triassic Boundary in Svalbard, Norway. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 374, 303-313.
  • De Vleeschouwer, D., Rakocinski, M., Racki, G., Bond, D.P.G., Claeys, P., and Sobien, K. (2013). The astronomical rhythm of Late-Devonian climate change (Kowala section, Holy Cross Mountains, Poland). Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 365, 25-37


  • Song, H.-J., Wignall, P.B., Tong, J., Bond, D.P.G., Song, H.-Y., Lai, X.-L., Zhang, K.-X., Wang, H.-M., Chen, Y.-L., Xiong, Y.-L., Tian, L. (2012). Geochemical evidence from bio-apatite for a link between redox history and recovery from the end-Permian extinction. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 353-354, 12-21.
  • Hammarlund, E.U., Dahl, T.W., Harper, D.A.T., Bond, D.P.G., Nielsen, A.T., Schovsbo, N.H., Schonlaub, H.P., Bjerrum, C.J., Zalasiewicz, J.A., and Canfield, D.E. (2012). A sulfidic driver for the end-Ordovician mass extinction. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 331-332, 128-139.
  • Wignall, P.B., Bond, D.P.G., Haas, J., Wang, W., Jiang, H.-S, Lai, X.-L., Altiner, D., Vedrine, S., Hips, K., Zajzon, N., and Newton, R.J. (2012). The Capitanian (Middle Permian) mass extinction in western Tethys: a fossil, facies and d13C study from Hungary and Hydra Island (Greece). Palaios, 27, 78-89.


  • Song, H.-J., Wignall, P.B., Chen, Z.-Q., Tong, J., Bond, D.P.G., Lai, X.-L., Zhao, X.-M., Jiang, H.-S., Yan, C.-B., Niu, Z.-J., Chen, J., Yang, H., and Wang, Y.-B. (2011). Recovery tempo and pattern of marine ecosystems after the end-Permian mass extinction. Geology, 39, 739-742.
  • Stevens, L.G., Hilton, J., Bond, D.P.G., Glasspool, I.J., and Jardine, P.E. (2011). Radiation and extinction patterns in Pennsylvanian-Permian floras from North China as indicators for environmental and climate change. Journal of the Geological Society, 168, 607-619.


  • Racka, M., Marynowski, L., Filipiak, P., Sobstel, M., Pisarzowska, A., and Bond, D.P.G. (2010). Anoxic Annulata Events in the Late Famennian of the Holy Cross Mountains (Southern Poland): geochemical and palaeontological record. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 297, 549-575.
  • Dahl, T.W., Hammarlund, E., Anbar, A.D., Bond, D.P.G., Gill, B.C., Gordon, G.W., Knoll, A.H., Nielsen, A.T., Schovsbo, N.H., and Canfield, D.E. (2010). Devonian rise in atmospheric oxygen correlated to the radiations of terrestrial plants and large predatory fish. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107, 17911-17915.
  • Bond, D.P.G., Hilton, J., Wignall, P.B., Ali, J.R., Stevens, L.G., Sun, Y.-D., and Lai, X.-L. (2010). The Middle Permian (Capitanian) mass extinction on land and in the oceans. Earth Science Reviews, 102, pp. 100-116.
  • Sun, Y.-D., Lai, X.-L., Wignall, P.B., Widdowson, M., Ali, J.R., Jiang, H.-S., Wang, W., Yan, C.-B., and Bond, D.P.G. (2010). Dating the onset and nature of the Middle Permian Emeishan large igneous province eruptions in SW China using conodont biostratigraphy and its bearing on mantle plume uplift models. Lithos, 119, pp. 20-33.
  • Bond, D.P.G., Wignall, P.B., Wang, W., Vedrine, S., Jiang, H.-S., Lai, X.-L., Sun, Y.-D., Newton, R.J., Cope, H., and Izon, G. (2010). The mid-Capitanian (middle Permian) mass extinction and carbon isotope record of south China. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 292, pp. 282-294.
  • Bond, D.P.G., and Wignall, P.B. (2010). Pyrite framboid study of marine Permo-Triassic boundary sections: a complex anoxic event and its relationship to contemporaneous mass extinction. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 122 (7/8), pp. 1265-1279.
  • Chapman, R.J., Bond, D.P.G., and Lebarge, W. (2010). Particle size distribution of gold within the Sulphur and Dominion Creek drainages, Klondike District, Yukon, and implications for gold winning and the formation of distal placers containing fine gold. Yukon Exploration and Geology 2009, pp. 135-142.
  • Wignall, P.B., Bond, D.P.G., Kuwahara, K., Kakuwa, Y., Newton, R.J., and Poulton, S.W. (2010). An 80 million year oceanic redox history from Permian to Jurassic pelagic sediments of the Mino-Tamba terrane, SW Japan, and the origin of four mass extinctions. Global and Planetary Change, 71, pp. 109-123.


  • Chapman, R.J., Leake, R.C., Bond, D.P.G., Stedra, V., and Fairgrieve, B. (2009). Chemical and mineralogical signatures of gold formed in oxidizing chloride hydrothermal systems and their significance within populations of placer gold grains collected during reconnaissance. Economic Geology, 104, pp. 563-585.
  • Bond, D.P.G., and Wignall, P.B. (2009) Latitudinal selectivity of foraminifer extinctions during the end-Guadalupian crisis. Paleobiology, 35, pp. 465-482.
  • Wignall, P.B., Vedrine, S., Bond, D.P.G., Wang, W., Lai, X.-L., Ali, J.R., and Jiang, H.-S. (2009). Facies analysis and sea-level change at the Guadalupian-Lopingian Global Stratotype (Laibin, South China), and its bearing on the end-Guadalupian mass extinction. Journal of the Geological Society, 166, pp. 655-666.
  • Wignall, P.B., Sun, Y.-D., Bond, D.P.G., Izon, G., Newton, R.J., Widdowson, M., Vedrine, S., Ali, J.R., Lai, X.-L., Jiang, H.-S., and Cope, H. (2009). Precise coincidence of explosive volcanism, mass extinction and carbon isotope fluctuations in the Middle Permian of China. Science, 324, pp. 1179-1182.
  • Bond, D.P.G., and Wignall, P.B. (2009). Abstract of “The role of sea-level change and marine anoxia in the Frasnian-Famennian (Late Devonian) mass extinction”. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 273, pp. 265-267.
  • Zaton, M., Marynowski, L., Szczepanik, P., Bond, D.P.G., and Wignall, P.B. (2009). Redox conditions during sedimentation of the Middle Jurassic (Upper Bajocian-Bathonian) clays of the Polish Jura (south-central Poland): an integrated approach, Facies, 55, pp. 103-114.


  • Lai, X-L., Wang, W., Wignall, P.B., Bond, D.P.G., Jiang, H-S., Ali, J.R., John, E.H., and Sun, Y-D. (2008). Palaeoenvironmental change during the end-Guadalupian (Permian) mass extinction in Sichuan, China, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 269, pp. 78-93.
  • Bond, D.P.G., and Wignall, P.B. (2008). The role of sea-level change and marine anoxia in the Frasnian-Famennian (Late Devonian) mass extinction, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 263, pp. 107-118.
  • Raiswell, R., Newton, R., Bottrell, S.H., Coburn, P.M., Briggs, D.E.G., Bond, D.P.G., and Poulton, S.W. (2008). Turbidite depositional influences on the diagenesis of Beecher's Trilobite Bed and the Hunsruck Slate; sites of soft tissue pyritization, American Journal of Science, 308, pp.105-129.
  • Wignall, P.B., and Bond, D.P.G. (2008). The end-Triassic and Early Jurassic mass extinction records in the British Isles, Proceedings of the Geologists Association, 119 (1), pp. 73-84.
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