I began my NERC Advanced Research Fellowship here in GEES in
August 2013, following a year and a half working at the Norwegian
Polar Institute in Tromso where I was a Marie Curie Intra-European
Fellow. Broadly speaking, my research looks at the record of
environmental change during Earth’s greatest mass extinction
events. Whilst in Norway I worked on the causes and consequences of
climate change associated with the Middle Permian (c. 260 million
years ago) and end Permian (c. 250 Myr) catastrophes in Spitsbergen
(then, as now, in the “Boreal Realm” of high northerly latitudes).
I spent three fantastic summers (2011-2013, see my Youtube videos)
in the field in Spitsbergen collecting data and samples for
palaeontological, sedimentological and geochemical analysis (my
main “tools”). My new, five year project, will expand the Boreal
mass extinction theme as I look at the three largest ecological
events between the Middle Permian and Jurassic in Spitsbergen
(again!), Arctic Canada, and far-east Russia (Vladivostok / Magadan
areas). Thus my fieldwork allows me to avoid the excess summer heat
which seems to be a perennial feature of the East Riding. Before
moving to Norway and then Hull, I spent 15 years down the M62 at
Leeds, where I studied Environmental Geology (2000), and completed
a PhD on Devonian mass extinctions (2004). I went on to teach
Geological Sciences at Leeds and travelled the world many times as
part of my post doc from 2006-2010. Now, I help deliver several
modules on our BSc Geology with Physical Geography programme, and
say to any budding geologists that the best thing about the job is
getting paid to travel and research the geology of some of the
world’s weirdest destinations. It’s also nice to share my research
with anybody that cares to listen!
I enjoy teaching and include my ongoing geological research into
my material wherever possible, with the aim of engaging students
with the stuff I am most fascinated by: how past environmental
changes have driven the greatest ecological catastrophes in Earth
history. In the 2013/14 session I will be contributing to:
- 16121 : Geological Materials
- 16140 : Dangerous Planet
- 16359 : Earth, Climate, Evolution
I am primarily a field geologist and so will be out an about on
a number of our undergraduate geological field courses.
I have worked on 4 of the "Big 5" extinctions (all except the
end Cretaceous, which is too big a field and far too young an event
for me!). For the past few years I have extensively studied one
event that doesn’t belong to the exclusive “Big 5” club: the Middle
Permian mass extinction. From 2006 I examined the relationship
between Middle Permian marine extinctions and contemporaneous large
scale volcanism in southern China, thus establishing the first
direct link between these two phenomena (see e.g. the Wignall et
al., 2009 paper in Science on my “Publications” tab). The
volcanism-extinction link is profound in many extinction scenarios,
and it has become a focus of my research in recent years. But I
want to know how volcanism in one region (South China in the case
of the Middle Permian) can affect ecosystems on a global scale –
and so I began my latest research interest: the record of mass
extinctions in the Boreal Realm (high northerly latitudes). My new
5 year NERC project will involve a major study of climate /
environmental change and its effects on high latitude ecosystems
during the Permian-to-Jurassic. This will involve fieldwork in
regions that were in the Boreal Realm at that time (and still
are!), namely Spitsbergen, Arctic Canada (Ellesmere Island) and the
Russian far east. We know so little about the fate of life in these
areas, since most of our knowledge of extinctions comes from low
latitude settings. One of my goals in the next few years is to
establish whether there exists a latitudinal bias to extinction
risk, i.e. does living in high latitudes make things more or less
likely to suffer extinction due to environmental change? To that
end, my research will not only be of interest to the mass
extinction community, but I hope also to provide data that can
influence the debate on modern environmental change. You can see
what I've been doing from my “Publications” tab, which I will
endeavour to keep updated.
I'm also a keen gold panner... as well as panning my wedding
ring, I have developed this interest into research that links
sedimentology to the study of placer gold, particularly in the
Yukon. I am yet to make my fortune, although did stake a mine out
there in 2009 (since lost in a bitter feud over 6 feet of pine
Google Scholar profile for full details of my publications.
Below is a full list of my papers, with hyperlinks to their
DOIs. If you can’t access any of these through your institution /
subscription, please email me at firstname.lastname@example.org and I will send
you a PDF.
- Zaton, M., and Bond, D.P.G. Insight into tube-building
behaviour and palaeoecology of some agglutinating worms from the
Upper Devonian of Nevada, USA (submitted, Palaeogeography,
- Smolarek, J., Trela, W., Bond, D.P.G., and Marynowksi, L. Lower
Wenlock black shales in the northern Holy Cross Mountains, Poland:
sedimentary and geochemical controls on the Ireviken Event in a
deep marine setting (in review, Geological Magazine).
- Sun, Y.-D., Wignall, P.B., Joachimski, M.M., Bond, D.P.G.,
Grasby, S.E., Lai, X.-L., Wang, L.-N., and Zhang, Z.-T. Warming,
euxinia and large carbon isotope perturbations during the Carnian
Crisis in South China (in review, Earth and Planetary Science
- Wignall, P.B., Bond, D.P.G., Sun, Y., Grasby, S.E., Beauchamp,
B., Joachimski, M.M., and Blomeier, D.P.G. (2015). Ultra-Shallow
Marine Anoxia in an Early Triassic Storm-Dominated Clastic Ramp
(Spitsbergen) and the Suppression of Benthic Radiation
- Grasby, S.E., Beauchamp, B., Bond, D.P.G., and Wignall, P.B.
(2015). Mercury deposition in association with three extinction
events in NW Pangea (Geological
- Jerram, D.A., Widdowson, M., Wignall, P.B., Sun, Y.-D., Lai,
X.-L., Bond, D.P.G., and Torsvik, T.H. (2015). Submarine
palaeoenvironments during Emeishan flood basalt volcanism, SW
China: implications for plume-lithosphere interaction during the
Capitanian (‘end Guadalupian’) extinction event.
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology.
- Bond, D.P.G., Wignall, P.B., Joachimski, M.M., Sun, Y.-D.,
Savov, I., Grasby, S.E., Beauchamp, B., and Blomeier, D.P.G.
(2015). An abrupt extinction in the Middle Permian (Capitanian) of
the Boreal Realm (Spitsbergen) and its link to anoxia and
Society of America Bulletin (open access).
- Grasby, S.E., Beauchamp, B., Bond, D.P.G., Wignall, P.B.,
Talavera, C., Galloway, J.M., Piepjohn, K., Reinhardt, L., and
Blomeier, D.P.G. (2015). Progressive environmental deterioration in
NW Pangea leading to the Latest Permian Extinction. Geological
Society of America Bulletin.
- Sun, Y.-D., Wignall, P.B., Joachimski, M.M., Bond, D.P.G.,
Grasby, S.E., Sun, S., Yan, C.-B., Wang, L.-N., Chen, Y.-L., and
Lai, X.-L. (2015). High Amplitude Redox Changes in the late Early
Triassic of South China and the Smithian/Spathian extinction.
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 427,
- Bond, D.P.G., Zaton, M., Wignall, P.B., and Marynowski, L.
(2013). Evidence for shallow-water ‘Upper Kellwasser’ anoxia in the
Frasnian–Famennian reefs of Alberta, Canada. Lethaia,
- Dustira, A.M., Wignall, P.B., Joachimski, M., Blomeier, D.,
Hartkopf-Froder, C., and Bond, D.P.G. (2013). Gradual onset of
anoxia across the Permian–Triassic Boundary in Svalbard, Norway.
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology,
- De Vleeschouwer, D., Rakocinski, M., Racki, G., Bond, D.P.G.,
Claeys, P., and Sobien, K. (2013). The astronomical rhythm of
Late-Devonian climate change (Kowala section, Holy Cross Mountains,
Poland). Earth and Planetary
Science Letters, 365, 25-37
- Song, H.-J., Wignall, P.B., Tong, J., Bond, D.P.G., Song,
H.-Y., Lai, X.-L., Zhang, K.-X., Wang, H.-M., Chen, Y.-L., Xiong,
Y.-L., Tian, L. (2012). Geochemical evidence from bio-apatite for a
link between redox history and recovery from the end-Permian
extinction. Earth and Planetary
Science Letters, 353-354, 12-21.
- Hammarlund, E.U., Dahl, T.W., Harper, D.A.T., Bond, D.P.G.,
Nielsen, A.T., Schovsbo, N.H., Schonlaub, H.P., Bjerrum, C.J.,
Zalasiewicz, J.A., and Canfield, D.E. (2012). A sulfidic driver for
the end-Ordovician mass extinction.
Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 331-332, 128-139.
- Wignall, P.B., Bond, D.P.G., Haas, J., Wang, W., Jiang, H.-S,
Lai, X.-L., Altiner, D., Vedrine, S., Hips, K., Zajzon, N., and
Newton, R.J. (2012). The Capitanian (Middle Permian) mass
extinction in western Tethys: a fossil, facies and d13C study from
Hungary and Hydra Island (Greece). Palaios, 27,
- Song, H.-J., Wignall, P.B., Chen, Z.-Q., Tong, J., Bond,
D.P.G., Lai, X.-L., Zhao, X.-M., Jiang, H.-S., Yan, C.-B., Niu,
Z.-J., Chen, J., Yang, H., and Wang, Y.-B. (2011). Recovery tempo
and pattern of marine ecosystems after the end-Permian mass
extinction. Geology, 39,
- Stevens, L.G., Hilton, J., Bond, D.P.G., Glasspool, I.J., and
Jardine, P.E. (2011). Radiation and extinction patterns in
Pennsylvanian-Permian floras from North China as indicators for
environmental and climate change. Journal
of the Geological Society, 168, 607-619.
- Racka, M., Marynowski, L., Filipiak, P., Sobstel, M.,
Pisarzowska, A., and Bond, D.P.G. (2010). Anoxic Annulata Events in
the Late Famennian of the Holy Cross Mountains (Southern Poland):
geochemical and palaeontological record.
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 297,
- Dahl, T.W., Hammarlund, E., Anbar, A.D., Bond, D.P.G., Gill,
B.C., Gordon, G.W., Knoll, A.H., Nielsen, A.T., Schovsbo, N.H., and
Canfield, D.E. (2010). Devonian rise in atmospheric oxygen
correlated to the radiations of terrestrial plants and large
predatory fish. Proceedings of the
National Academy of Sciences, 107, 17911-17915.
- Bond, D.P.G., Hilton, J., Wignall, P.B., Ali, J.R., Stevens,
L.G., Sun, Y.-D., and Lai, X.-L. (2010). The Middle Permian
(Capitanian) mass extinction on land and in the oceans.
Earth Science Reviews, 102, pp. 100-116.
- Sun, Y.-D., Lai, X.-L., Wignall, P.B., Widdowson, M., Ali,
J.R., Jiang, H.-S., Wang, W., Yan, C.-B., and Bond, D.P.G. (2010).
Dating the onset and nature of the Middle Permian Emeishan large
igneous province eruptions in SW China using conodont
biostratigraphy and its bearing on mantle plume uplift models.
Lithos, 119, pp. 20-33.
- Bond, D.P.G., Wignall, P.B., Wang, W., Vedrine, S., Jiang,
H.-S., Lai, X.-L., Sun, Y.-D., Newton, R.J., Cope, H., and Izon, G.
(2010). The mid-Capitanian (middle Permian) mass extinction and
carbon isotope record of south China.
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 292, pp.
- Bond, D.P.G., and Wignall, P.B. (2010). Pyrite framboid study
of marine Permo-Triassic boundary sections: a complex anoxic event
and its relationship to contemporaneous mass extinction. Geological
Society of America Bulletin, 122 (7/8), pp. 1265-1279.
- Chapman, R.J., Bond, D.P.G., and Lebarge, W. (2010). Particle
size distribution of gold within the Sulphur and Dominion Creek
drainages, Klondike District, Yukon, and implications for gold
winning and the formation of distal placers containing fine gold.
Yukon Exploration and Geology 2009, pp. 135-142.
- Wignall, P.B., Bond, D.P.G., Kuwahara, K., Kakuwa, Y., Newton,
R.J., and Poulton, S.W. (2010). An 80 million year oceanic redox
history from Permian to Jurassic pelagic sediments of the
Mino-Tamba terrane, SW Japan, and the origin of four mass
Global and Planetary Change, 71, pp. 109-123.
- Chapman, R.J., Leake, R.C., Bond, D.P.G., Stedra, V., and
Fairgrieve, B. (2009). Chemical and mineralogical signatures of
gold formed in oxidizing chloride hydrothermal systems and their
significance within populations of placer gold grains collected
during reconnaissance. Economic
Geology, 104, pp. 563-585.
- Bond, D.P.G., and Wignall, P.B. (2009) Latitudinal selectivity
of foraminifer extinctions during the end-Guadalupian crisis.
35, pp. 465-482.
- Wignall, P.B., Vedrine, S., Bond, D.P.G., Wang, W., Lai, X.-L.,
Ali, J.R., and Jiang, H.-S. (2009). Facies analysis and sea-level
change at the Guadalupian-Lopingian Global Stratotype (Laibin,
South China), and its bearing on the end-Guadalupian mass
extinction. Journal of the
Geological Society, 166, pp. 655-666.
- Wignall, P.B., Sun, Y.-D., Bond, D.P.G., Izon, G., Newton,
R.J., Widdowson, M., Vedrine, S., Ali, J.R., Lai, X.-L., Jiang,
H.-S., and Cope, H. (2009). Precise coincidence of explosive
volcanism, mass extinction and carbon isotope fluctuations in the
Middle Permian of China. Science, 324, pp.
- Bond, D.P.G., and Wignall, P.B. (2009). Abstract of “The role
of sea-level change and marine anoxia in the Frasnian-Famennian
(Late Devonian) mass extinction”.
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 273, pp.
- Zaton, M., Marynowski, L., Szczepanik, P., Bond, D.P.G., and
Wignall, P.B. (2009). Redox conditions during sedimentation of the
Middle Jurassic (Upper Bajocian-Bathonian) clays of the Polish Jura
(south-central Poland): an integrated approach, Facies,
55, pp. 103-114.
- Lai, X-L., Wang, W., Wignall, P.B., Bond, D.P.G., Jiang, H-S.,
Ali, J.R., John, E.H., and Sun, Y-D. (2008). Palaeoenvironmental
change during the end-Guadalupian (Permian) mass extinction in
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 269, pp.
- Bond, D.P.G., and Wignall, P.B. (2008). The role of sea-level
change and marine anoxia in the Frasnian-Famennian (Late Devonian)
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 263, pp.
- Raiswell, R., Newton, R., Bottrell, S.H., Coburn, P.M., Briggs,
D.E.G., Bond, D.P.G., and Poulton, S.W. (2008). Turbidite
depositional influences on the diagenesis of Beecher's Trilobite
Bed and the Hunsruck Slate; sites of soft tissue pyritization,
American Journal of
Science, 308, pp.105-129.
- Wignall, P.B., and Bond, D.P.G. (2008). The end-Triassic and
Early Jurassic mass extinction records in the British Isles,
Proceedings of the Geologists Association, 119 (1), pp. 73-84.